How to identify propaganda (lire en français)

Publié le par hort

Lire en francais http://horte.over-blog.fr/article-20977175.html

 
What do the following articles have in common? They illustrate the importance of propaganda  Propaganda is a military term whose purpose is to deceive the enemy, but today it is also used to manipulate and deceive the masses. During the last couple of years the media has whipped us up into a frenzy over North Korea who Mr. Bush even designated as part of ‘the axis of evil’. Now we are being told that North Korea may not be a terrorist country after all. Americans recently participated in a bitter struggle between Hillary and Obama and now they are being told that Obama is paying Clinton’s campaign expenses. Earlier this year we were all hyped up over Tibet. At the moment it’s Mugabe in Zimbabwe. The question to ask is, "who will be the focus of Western propaganda tomorrow?"

 African people must begin to understand that propaganda is what makes the capitalist system work. It is through propaganda that the West implements its divide and rule tactics while promoting wanton consumerism at the same time. Yes, it is propaganda, (called advertising in business) that makes us buy products that we do not need. After exterminating almost the whole planet the West used propaganda to portray itself as humanitarian, democratic and respectful of other people's human rights. Let us also not forget that it is propaganda why most black people in the diaspora have a morbid fear of Africa and all things African. Finally, propaganda is used as a distraction so that the masses will not focus on the major problem on this planet. i. e. an equitable distribution of the world’s wealth to all its members and respect for other cultures and civilizations.  We, African people must learn how to identify propaganda, then learn how it works even in its most subtle forms so that we no longer allow ourselves to be manipulated whenever the West arbritarily decides to ostracise or promote a particular country or individual. Hort

 

 

Obama donates $4,600 to Clinton's debt relief

 By Nedra Pickler and Sara Kugler,

Associated Press Writers

27/06/08

 Barack Obama announced Thursday that he will help pay off Hillary Rodham Clinton's more than $20 million debt, personally writing a check in a gesture meant to win over her top financial backers.Obama met with more than 200 of Clinton's biggest fundraisers at Washington's Mayflower Hotel, the first step in a two-day push to bring her supporters onboard his general election campaign. Behind the scenes, the two sides were negotiating her future involvement with the campaign.Some Clinton donors had been frustrated that the Democratic presidential nominee-in-waiting had not done more to help her pay the bills even as they are expected to help fund his campaign.

 

Obama received a standing ovation from the crowd of more than 200 when he said he would enlist his supporters to help pay off her debt. "I'm going to need Hillary by my side campaigning during his election, and I'm going to need all of you," Obama said, according to a report written by the only reporter allowed into the event and shared with other reporters afterward. He recounted how he had told his top fundraisers this week "to get out their checkbooks and start working to make sure Senator Clinton — the debt that's out there needs to be taken care of."

 

In a symbolic gesture, Obama delivered a personal check for $4,600, for himself and his wife, Michelle. The maximum individual donation allowed by law is $2,300.Obama finance chair Penny Pritzker also wrote a $4,600 check for herself and her husband. Clinton campaign chairman Terry McAuliffe had it in his pocket and showed it to reporters waiting outside. Clinton's debt includes $12 million of her own money. She has said she is not asking for help paying that back. She told her donors they must make electing Obama a priority, as she acknowledged that hard feelings remain on both sides.

 

"This was a hard-fought campaign," the former first lady said. "That's what made it so exciting and intense and why people's passions ran so high on both sides. I know my supporters have extremely strong feelings, and I know Barack's do as well. But we are a family, and we have an opportunity now to really demonstrate clearly we do know what's at stake, and we will do whatever it takes to try to win back this White House."Obama asked the donors for their support, but recognized their hearts may remain with her."I do not expect that passion to be transferred," he said. "Senator Clinton is unique, and your relationships with her are unique." But he added, "Senator Clinton and I at our core agree deeply that this country needs to change."

 

Clinton and Obama plan to appear together publicly for the first time since the end of the primary on Friday in symbolic Unity, N.H. — where each got 107 votes in the state's January primary. Clinton won New Hampshire in an upset that set the stage for their long campaign, and it is now a critical battleground for the general election.

 

Obama told reporters Wednesday that he thinks she'll be extraordinarily effective in speaking for his candidacy and he'd like her to campaign for him as much as she can. "I think we can send Senator Clinton anywhere and she'll be effective," Obama said. But the extent of her travel for Obama is unclear. Obama campaign manager David Plouffe said Wednesday that they have not scheduled any events after New Hampshire. "We don't have any specific knowledge of her schedule past Friday," Plouffe said.Three Clinton confidants — Cheryl Mills, Minyon Moore and Robert Barnett — are in talks with Obama's campaign to work out details of her future involvement, including travel, her role at the national convention and resolution of her debt. Part of their argument has been that Clinton can spend more time helping Obama if she isn't raising money to pay her bills.

 

Obama told reporters Wednesday he wouldn't send an e-mail asking his small-dollar contributors to donate to Clinton because "their budgets are tighter" and they probably couldn't make much of a dent. One of the biggest outstanding questions is Bill Clinton's role. The former president issued a one-word statement through a spokesman Tuesday offering to help, but the two men have not yet spoken. McAuliffe said he spent Monday with the former president, who said "he will do whatever is needed." "He will go 24/7 if he has to," McAuliffe said. "He's willing to do whatever it takes. Winning the White House is of paramount importance, not only to Hillary but of course to President Clinton."

 

An Associated Press-Yahoo News poll out Thursday shows Obama has won over slightly more than half of Clinton's former supporters. About a quarter of Clinton's backers say they will support McCain over Obama. Obama ended Thursday's meeting by taking a few questions from the group, according to attendees. He didn't answer a question about whether he would support putting Clinton's name in for a roll call vote at the convention, but promised she would play a prominent role in Denver. He also sidestepped a question about whether she would join him on the ticket. He was asked about "misogyny" in the campaign and said his wife, Michelle, was now experiencing it and that he was sensitive to it, attendees said. He said his 86-year-old grandmother had been very inspired by Clinton's historic run and that his daughters now don't think it's a big deal for a woman to be president.

 

Bernard Schwartz, a New York businessman and longtime Clinton donor, said Obama won his support. "You know how it is when somebody says to you, I'll never forget my first love? Hillary was my first love, there's no question about that," Schwartz said as he left the meeting. "Am I going to be passionate for Obama, and can I say right now that I'm passionately supportive of Obama and passionately wish him to win? Absolutely without any equivocation."

 

Hannah Simone, a Washington energy lobbyist and top Clinton donor, said she entered the meeting undecided but is now ready to help. She can't donate herself because Obama does not accept lobbyists' money, but she said she'll start raising from others. "It was a big step forward for some of us who were very passionate about her campaign," she said. But some attendees left feeling that Obama didn't go much beyond his standard talking points, and could have done more to win over her supporters. They declined to quoted by name.

 

 Bush moves to take N.Korea off terrorism blacklist

 

By DEB RIECHMANN,
Associated Press Writer

Thu Jun 26, 2006

 

After months of stalling, North Korea offered a glimpse of its secretive nuclear program Thursday and was promptly rewarded by President Bush with an easing of trade sanctions and a move to take the communist state off the U.S. terrorism blacklist. Bush, who once famously branded North Korea a part of his "axis of evil," offered mostly symbolic concessions in exchange for Kim Jong Il's agreement to hand over a long-awaited accounting of its nuclear bomb-making abilities. Critics said even symbolism was too much give to a regime that can't be trusted."If they don't fulfill their promises, more restrictions will be placed on them," Bush said, just a few hours after North Korea handed over 60 pages of documentation about its nuclear past to Chinese officials in Beijing.

 

The North Koreans declared less about their plutonium work and nuclear programs dating to 1986 than what the Bush administration initially sought. And they disclosed nothing about their stockpile of nuclear weapons, suspected uranium enrichment program or alleged role in helping Syria build a reactor.Still, Bush called the declaration a positive step in negotiations with a fickle government that have been stop-and-go for years. Bush emphasized that he was aware that Pyongyang had lied about its nuclear capabilities before."I'm under no illusions," Bush said. "This isn't the end of the process. This is the beginning of the process of action for action." He rattled off a list of ongoing U.S. concerns about North Korea — human rights abuses, uranium enrichment, nuclear testing and proliferation, ballistic missile programs and the threat North Korea poses to its neighbors.Then he announced he was erasing trade sanctions imposed on North Korea under the Trading With the Enemy Act, and notifying Congress that, in 45 days, the administration intends to take North Korea off the State Department list of nations that sponsor terrorism. "If North Korea continues to make the right choices, it can repair its relationship with the international community," he said. "If North Korea makes the wrong choices, the United States and its partners in the six-party talks will act accordingly."

 

The White House announcement marked a turnabout of the hostile U.S. policy toward impoverished North Korea. Better relations with Washington could eventually improve dire economic conditions for the country's 23 million people who suffer food shortages and blackouts. But with many steps to go in North Korea's disarmament process, that is unlikely to happen soon. To demonstrate that it is serious about forgoing its nuclear weapons, North Korea planned the televised destruction Friday of a 65-foot-tall cooling tower at its main nuclear reactor at Yongbyon. The tower is a key element of the reactor but blowing it up — with the world watching — has little practical meaning because the reactor has already been nearly disabled. Conservative Republicans, who want the U.S. to take an even tougher stance against North Korea, were incensed at Bush's action. "It's shameful," said John Bolton, Bush's former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations. "This represents the final collapse of Bush's foreign policy." "Profound disappointment" was the reaction of Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, R-Fla.


Other lawmakers from both parties took the position that the declaration, though six months late, was better than nothing. They argue that the long-running negotiations the United States, Japan, South Korea, China and Russia have been having with Pyongyang offer the best chance of eventual denuclearization of the Korean peninsula.
"Although more work remains to verifiably end North Korea's nuclear weapons program, this important achievement for the Bush administration is the direct result of painstaking, multilateral diplomacy," said Sen. Chuck Hagel, R-Neb., who has been largely critical of Bush's foreign policy. Sen. John Kerry, D-Mass., said progress on ending North Korea's nuclear weapons program remains incomplete. "But the regime's nuclear declaration is the latest reminder that, despite President Bush's once bellicose rhetoric, engaging our enemies can pay dividends," Kerry said.  Bush said the U.S. action would have little impact on North Korea's financial and diplomatic isolation; Defense Secretary Robert Gates played down the meaning of taking North Korea off the terrorism list.  "The reality is that there are so many other sanctions on North Korea because of its other behaviors that there's really no practical effect," he said.

 

In the next 45 days — the congressionally mandated waiting period for removing North Korea from the terrorism list — the six negotiating partners will agree on how best to verify what the regime has declared. The North Koreans have said they will provide access to their facilities, including the reactor core and waste sites. The declaration details the amount of plutonium the North produced, down to the gram. A senior U.S. official says North Korea claims to have produced an amount of plutonium in the low 40-kilogram (about 90-pound) range, including estimates of waste. That is enough to construct at least a half-dozen nuclear bombs and is in line with U.S. intelligence estimates.

 

What's missing? _The number of bombs in storage, or information about what's going to happen to them. The North proved it could build a working nuclear bomb when it carried out an underground nuclear test blast in October 2006. Details on the bombs, however, will be left to the next stage of the talks, when Pyongyang is supposed to abandon all its nuclear weapons program. _Details about North Korea's suspected nuclear program to seek weapons fueled by enriched uranium. _An account of North Korea's alleged role in helping Syria build what senior U.S. intelligence officials say was a secret nuclear reactor meant to produce plutonium used in making high-yield nuclear weapons. Israeli jets bombed the structure in the remote eastern desert of Syria in September 2007.

 

National security adviser Stephen Hadley said North Korea had "acknowledged in writing" that the U.S. and its negotiating partners have raised concerns about its enrichment activities and its suspected cooperation with Syria. That might open the door to getting more information from the North Koreans on those matters, he said.

 

 

 

Publié dans geostrategy

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