The racial division of labour in the economic system (lire en français)

Publié le par hort

Lire en francais http://horte.over-blog.fr/article-30888451.html

Demystifying the World of Business (Session 2)

http://horte.over-blog.fr 

by Hort 
December,2007
Note to those who wish to print this article on their blogs and websites
 
This is the second session of a series of articles cum lessons that I am writing to help people of African descent understand more clearly how the business world really works. The goal of these articles is entirely pedagogical so they are more lessons than articles. As a result, the layout is different  and they are longer than  regular articles as I go into a lot of detail to explain concepts which may be totally new for a lay person. The article is divided into two parts. The first section is usually what business students learn in textbooks or are taught in business schools, so this is useful for those students/people who are thinking about studying economics or business, while the second part is an in depth analysis of the topic from an African centered perspective. You may decide to print the article as it is to help educate your own readers, or you may want to summarize and shorten it for them, as long as the original message is not deformed or misconstrued.  

The three sectors of the economy
                                        
In our first session we looked at the background to business and we saw that there are three types of human activity which are classified as economic. During this session I would like to look at production, the first of the three. Production is the process whereby man transforms the natural resources into manufactured goods and makes them available to the consumer. We are going to look specifically at the three sectors of the economy. We will first discuss what each sector is, how it works and as usual I will end with an in depth analysis of how and where people of African descent fit into the global picture.
 
In their second or third lesson, business students are taught that there are three sectors of the economy known as the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors.
 
The Primary sector: This sector is the first stage of production because it extracts the raw materials (natural resources) from the ground. For example, in order to drink a cup of coffee in France, someone in Latin America or Africa must first pick a bean from a tree. Without the coffee bean you cannot have your coffee. To write on a desk in school you must have a tree, from which we get wood. Without the tree we would be unable to make the desk, so this sector is very important because no products can be made on this planet if the raw materials are not first available.
 
The Secondary sector: Now that we have picked the coffee bean you still cannot drink your coffee. It must be sent to the secondary sector where it will be transformed into coffee. The secondary sector therefore is where the raw materials are transformed into manufactured products. The coffee bean now becomes the coffee we buy in the shops.
 
The Tertiary sector: Now that the bean has been turned into coffee it must be made available to the consumer. This is the role of the tertiary sector which is concerned with the distribution of manufactured goods. This sector is also called the services sector because it involves many activities in order to move the product from the factory to the consumer.
 
These then, are the different sectors of the economy and they are all equally important, however, there is a tremendous amount of importance given to the tertiary sector in the West which gives people the false impression that this is the most important sector. But without the coffee bean, the first stage of production, the other two sectors would not exist and you would not be able to drink your cup of coffee every morning.
 
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In 1888, Ernest Renan, a racist French philosopher described the three sectors of the economy mentioned above when he made the following statement, “Nature has given us a race of workers, they are Chinese. A race to till the soil, they are African and a race of rulers and soldiers, they are European.” You may have noticed by now that each sector of the economy corresponds to one of the three races on the planet, however, most people are totally unaware of this fact. In consequence, if you were to tell an economics student or someone working in business that the economy is racially segmented they would be very surprised, because that is not what is taught in business schools around the world. In the pyramid below, you will notice that the primary sector at the bottom corresponds to the African race, who are “the tillers of the soil.”  In the middle of the pyramid is the secondary sector which corresponds to the people of Asia, who, according to Ernest Renan, are the “race of workers.” Their job is to transform the raw materials into manufactured goods. Finally, at the top of the pyramid is the tertiary sector, which corresponds to people of European descent, who are the “race of rulers and soldiers.” This is what economists call the “soft sector” because it is the easiest and most lucrative of the three and includes such things as insurance, banking, media, advertising, etc. To help you understand how the three sectors of the economy became racially allocated we must once again return to the past.
 
 The racial distribution of labour in the economic system
  
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Every society has always assigned different tasks to different members in order to function in an orderly and efficient manner. So in traditional societies, there were people who were responsible for fishing, others for agriculture, for weaving, for providing spiritual food, for taking care of the health needs of the community, etc. There are even people in Africa today called griots (singers) whose only job was to relate the history of different African families through song. These tasks were inherited, so if a man was a fisherman, his sons would also be fishermen. If one was a griot, the children would be griots. This system is known as the division of labour and it existed in all societies..

 Racial origins of the economic system

However, the system became distorted about 2,000 years ago when white people called Aryans, invaded India and found African people, called Dravidians, living there. After conquering India the first thing they did was to set up a social and economic hierarchy based on the colour of one’s skin. This had never been done anywhere on the planet before, so for the first time in history, the division of labour was divided up along racial lines and this action has had dramatic consequences on the planet since then. The Aryans put themselves at the top of the socio-economic ladder, assigned themselves the easiest jobs and gave the most difficult jobs to the black people, thus placing a stigma on certain jobs from that period. This was how the caste system in India began and it is this system that has been taken all around the globe.
 (Although intermingling with successive invaders has lightened the skin of most Indians, it is still the black or darker skinned Indians today, the Dalits (the untouchables), who continue to do the worst jobs and are treated in the most inhumane manner. Furthermore, Indians are just as obsessed with colour as African people and  middle class parents looking for marriage partners for their children want a “light skinned” rather than a “dark skinned” Indian. Skin bleaching, believe it or not, is just as prevalent among affluent Indians as it is among African people. When I visited northern India earlier this year the guide was very quick to point out that Indians had Aryan roots, however, there was a time when Indians used to say that their ancestors came from Ethiopia, which simply proves that India, like Africa, has gone through many radical changes in its history.)
 
 Stagnant/No growth sector for Africans
 
When Europeans conquered Africa and the rest of the world in the 15th century, they simply made the caste system which their Aryan ancestors had introduced into India, international, by dividing up the world labour force and assigning each race a different part of the economy. Africa was given the least productive part of the economy to look after, the primary sector.  So, every person in Africa, from the time of the transatlantic slave trade whether they were kings, queens, teachers, architects, doctors, etcetera, were reduced to “tilling the soil.” That is why African people have simply extracted the raw materials from the ground for the last 500 years and why African and Caribbean economies are based on monoculture today i.e. they produce one product for export. For example, Martinique and Dominica grow bananas for export, South Africa exports the nugget that makes gold, and the Ivory Coast exports the bean that makes coffee, etcetera. These are known as cash crops.
 
This is exactly how the slave system worked and as you can see it did not end with the abolition of slavery or colonialism. In consequence, people of African descent continue to do the same jobs that their enslaved ancestors did 500 years ago. For example, South African miners continue to extract their gold nuggets and diamonds from the ground and send them to Europe or elsewhere to be transformed, exactly as their forefathers did before them because Africa is still not allowed to develop a manufacturing base.(secondary sector) As a result, their mineral wealth continues to create jobs in the West and in other countries, but produces only poverty and unemployment in South Africa. We find the same situation in the Caribbean Islands. The only difference is that while their ancestors exported sugar and tobacco, today they export bananas instead. The USA is a little different, and I will explain why later on. Dividing up the labour force by race is simply a strategy to ensure that some countries and races will automatically increase their wealth and grow, while others will stagnate and regress. Digging a nugget out of the ground or picking a coffee bean or a banana from a tree does not generate wealth or long term employment. In order to generate wealth, South Africans would have to transform their mineral wealth into manufactured products (secondary sector) and distribute them to the rest of the world (tertiary sector) themselves and this is exactly what they are not allowed to do.
 
 Monoculture also makes African countries vulnerable and dependent. For example, price fluctuations on the world market or crops affected by disease all have a negative effect on economies in the primary sector. So, African countries have to export more and more cash crops to increase revenue. However, with the proceeds they also tend to import more and more manufactured goods. In consequence, all their profits go abroad. This is called growth without development. It is a vicious circle because instead of their economies becoming self sustaining, they end up becoming more dependent on the West to survive. This is the reason that African people were given the primary sector of the economy because as it is not a wealth producing sector, they would remain poor and dependent on the West for their survival. I should also point out that most of the manufactured products that Africa has to import are their own products which they sent away to be transformed, but as manufactured products, they have to buy them back at a higher price. For example, the uncut diamond that South Africa sent to Europe becomes more expensive when turned into jewellery. South Africa therefore has to pay a higher price for jewellery because as a manufactured product it now has added value, in other words, it’s worth more..We should not be surprised therefore that Africans live in abject poverty or have to live on aid from the West or are excluded from the world economy today, because that is the goal.
 
 Growth/wealth producing sector for Asians
 
During slavery, while Africans were restricted to working in the primary sector, Europeans looked after the secondary and tertiary sectors, but when they colonized Asia, they partially transferred the secondary sector to the Asians. This is why the West intentionally bypasses Africa all the time and invests in the Asian economies because they are the “race of workers”. As a result, today Asians provide most of our clothes and electronic goods. It is not because Asians have some kind of super gene why they manufacture so many products as African people erroneously believe. If most of our electronic products and our textiles come from the Asian countries it is simply because that was the task the West assigned to them, and they do it well. Africans also do the menial tasks that they were assigned by the West very well, but we do not see it, because extracting ore from the ground or picking a banana from a tree is not very creative or interesting, so it has no value in our eyes. But African people are the most hardworking people on the planet and as the “tillers of the soil” also do most of the backbreaking work. The problem is that we are grossly underpaid for the work we do as we are horrendously exploited. Since western propaganda has drummed it into our heads that wealth comes from hard work and this is not reflected in our communities, we often end up believing that our people are inherently lazy, however, the African American saying that “black people have to work twice as hard to get half the pay and a quarter of the recognition,” is a truism. We already know how hard people in Africa work and if you were to take the first bus or metro in the morning, in any industrialized country you will see how hard African people in the West work.
 
Innovation/ expansion sector for Europeans
 
Europeans reserved the tertiary sector for themselves and that is why people of European descent take care of our banking and insurance needs and most services related to this sector today. This is the most lucrative sector of all as it generates enormous wealth. We should not be surprised that Bill Gates is the richest man on the planet because most wealthy men come from this sector. As a matter of fact, that is the main reason that Africans are excluded from the secondary and tertiary sectors of the economy because these sectors generate enormous wealth and the West fears that if Africans are allowed to participate in these sectors, they too will be able to create wealth and thus put an end to the capitalist system, because it is this racial segmentation in the economy that creates unequal wealth among the different races which allows it to function so efficiently. It is by exploiting the people in the primary sector while at the same time excluding them from accumulating wealth that the capitalist system continues to exist. In Walter Rodney’s sterling book ‘How Europe underdeveloped Africa,’ there is an excellent chapter describing how Africa’s resources are used to enrich the West while impoverishing Africa. He shows how the secondary and tertiary sectors of the economy have a multiplier effect which creates many jobs in the West, encourages innovation and helps Western economies to expand and grow.
 
The multiplier effect simply means that one product can create jobs in several industries and he gave the example of palm oil which was imported into Europe from Africa. Palm oil produced not only oil, but soap, margarine, lard, glycerine and detergent. Then through innovation other products related to soap such as cosmetics, dyes, shampoos, perfumes and toothpaste were produced. Sometimes the multiplier effect does not even seem related. Unilever, the company that imported the palm oil from Africa, later set up an ice cream manufacturing plant. The workers of these industries needed banks, restaurants, shops to buy their food and houses to live in so these services were also created. The underlying connection here is that capital grows and spreads because it was the profit from palm oil which allowed Unilever to buy its ice cream plant and all the additional services that were added to satisfy the needs of the workers. So, as you can see from this example, one product from Africa, palm oil, spawned several industries many of which had nothing to do with palm oil, and not one of those industries was created in Africa. This is what we mean when we speak about products having a multiplier effect. According to Walter Rodney, the only thing left when South Africans take their gold and diamonds from the ground is a big hole, but due to the multiplier effect their raw materials and mineral wealth generate employment and trillions of dollars/euros every year for Western countries.
 
Lately, people in the West have been protesting the outsourcing of jobs to countries like India and China, but do they know how many African jobs have been outsourced to the West for centuries? The jobs at companies like Exxon Mobil, Total, Elf, Shell, the gold and diamond makers in Antwerp, the companies in Europe that print the bank notes, lottery tickets, passports, books that Africans use and all the other companies that manufacture products for Africans and the rest of the world from Africa’s resources, are all jobs that belong to African people. Even farmers in western countries who produce the milk that Africans drink, rather than allow Africans to produce their own milk, are taking jobs away from African farmers and have contributed to the high unemployment rate and subsequent poverty and underdevelopment in Africa.
 
Consequences for African people
 
The economic slave system which has never been modified continues to have dramatic consequences on the lives of African people worldwide. For example, since the end of slavery African people have become the world’s migrant population, but have you ever asked yourself why? The idea is to send them wherever they are needed on the planet to perform tasks in the primary sector. This keeps them constantly mobile and thus the West is assured that they will not create or accumulate any wealth and become a threat to the capitalist system. So, when Panama needed people to build the canal black people were sent there to do the job. When Europe needed labour in its factories and hospitals in the 1950’s African people were allowed to move here. Many African women are working in the Middle East as maids today because that is where they are needed. The present scandal in France where a humanitarian organization called L’Arche de Zoe (Zoe's ark) kidnapped 103 children from Chad occurred because French families want children to adopt. The French government did the same thing to children from the island of Reunion several years ago when they needed to repopulate the rural areas of France. We are already familiar with the plight of Australia’s ‘stolen generation,’ not forgetting the largest movement of children in history, our ancestors, who were brutally uprooted from their communities and taken to the Diaspora because Europe needed them to work on plantations.
 
(The supporters of the kidnappers in Chad insist, just like their ancestors did 500 years ago when they kidnapped African children, that L’Arche de Zoë (Zoe"s Ark) was in Africa ‘to do good’. So this behaviour is not new. Since we know that the West has a very warped sense of what “doing good” means, what measures do African countries intend to take to protect our children to ensure that it does not happen again in future? That is the question we should be demanding an answer to. In fact, instead of reacting to events when they occur, the African community needs to adopt a more proactive approach and then we can considerably reduce or prevent such situations.)
 
What does prostitution in the Dominican Republic, growing pedophilia and female sex tourism in Africa have to do with the economy? They are also part of the primary sector, because while on one hand, we must extract the raw materials from the ground, on the other, we are also the world’s foremost raw material, therefore African people must be easily accessible to any pervert, anywhere on the planet. During slavery, the black woman if you remember, worked all day in the fields picking cotton (extracted the raw materials) and at night the master raped her in his bed (she became the raw material). Likewise, when pharmaceutical companies need guinea pigs for their drugs, they go to Africa. That is why there are so many drug companies there. All of this is just to point out that the situations mentioned above are not isolated, but are interconnected, because as the main workers in the primary sector, the “tillers of the soil” must be kept mobile in order to move them wherever and whenever they are needed and to render them accessible to anyone who needs their services. But the ultimate goal is to ensure firstly, that African people are never in a position to compete with whites because we always surpass them whenever the two races compete on an equal footing and they end up feeling humiliated, inferior and incompetent. and secondly,  to maintain the racist capitalist system  So to prevent their worst nightmare from becoming a reality, African people have been confined to that sector of the economy which ensures that they remain constantly mobile, grossly underpaid, and permanently impoverished.
 
The reason Europe is now rejecting African migrants is simply because they do not need the services of a large number of Africans at the moment. That is why the Immigration minister Bruce Hortefeux, is rounding up Africans and expelling them from France and why Mr Sarkozy has introduced the idea of “selective immigration”. Selective immigration does not mean they want to stop immigration from Africa, they just want to reduce the flow because there is an economic imperative which demands that they do so, but if the European economy picks up tomorrow and they need a larger number of workers, trust me, Africans will have no problems entering Europe again. This is due to the racial segmentation in the economic system, which has locked Africans into the primary sector so that the West can increase or reduce their mobility at will and at the same time, totally control their economic circumstances.
 
As a matter of fact, this was the major reason African Americans were driven out of the southern states in the USA. After the abolition of slavery, African Americans had started to own land and this would have disrupted the racial division of labour in the economic system, because with land they would have been able to create wealth and compete with whites. During the Reconstruction period and the time of “Black Wall Street” African Americans made tremendous progress. This caused great fear among the white American population so they decided to put an end to it by driving them off the land and sending them to the inner cities to render them mobile and poor. As a result, most African Americans today live in cities where they are not allowed to accumulate wealth but must labour for other people. This is the same reason why they were not given their “40 acres and a mule” and why the West is so hesitant to pay reparations to African people today, since it means they will accumulate wealth.
 
To ensure that wealth did not fall into the hands of Africans in the motherland at the end of colonization, Europeans simply put other races in control. So, the Indians and the Middle Eastern people who own the businesses all over Africa today were put there intentionally to prevent wealth falling into the hands of Africans. As there were already white settlers in the Caribbean they did not have to make any major changes. As a result, African people are overwhelmingly poor and live under the worst conditions imaginable everywhere on the planet. Furthermore, other people control their economies.
 
Whites also move around the planet but not in very large numbers and only for high paying jobs usually as consultants, managers, oil workers, engineers, etc, (tertiary sector) In any case, it is rarely to work in the primary sector. This is not an accident, but part of a carefully orchestrated strategy to prevent wealth from falling into the hands of African people and to ensure that the racially segregated economic system they have put into place remains intact, and is one reason there is no real interest in improving the education, health or living conditions of the majority of African people worldwide. Unfortunately, most of our people are not even aware of this because they are intentionally kept ignorant, but if we are to change the capitalist system, we need to know exactly how it truly works.
 
This obsession on the part of the West to exclude African people from the wealth producing sectors of the economy is because slavery, capitalism or its new name today globalisation, is a ruthless system where a few people live an extremely happy and wealthy lifestyle, only because there are a million others who work for them free of charge or are paid slave wages. Since slavery African people have been the ones doing all the work, while the West have been the ones enjoying this wonderful lifestyle and today they have become so accustomed to it that they are not prepared to give it up. It is because of African labour that capitalism continues to exist. Therefore, seeing African people in a position to create wealth is their greatest fear because it will put an end to their lifestyle. They prefer to die or destroy the entire planet if they have to, before they allow such a situation to occur. Whenever they speak about the growing gap between the ‘rich and the poor’ countries this is what they are talking about, but there is never any explanation of what is truly causing it. Well, now you know that it is because of this racial division in the economic system which continues to exclude our people from producing wealth. As you can see, it is not the white man that has been carrying the burden of the world on his shoulders, it is the African and this is what our people need to understand.
 
Another consequence of the racial division of labour is that it fosters technological stagnation and regression in Africa. Would you believe that no country in Sub-Saharan Africa has a metro or underground system yet? It is hard to imagine that African cities with more than 10 million people still do not have a good urban transportation system in place. When I was younger, I was told that the West would ‘transfer technology’ to Africa. Today I know better. If they did, they would no longer have jobs in Africa building roads, airports, telephone and energy systems, or exploiting her resources. In consequence, African inventors, researchers, entrepreneurs, etc, are not encouraged or supported and often have to leave their homeland and emigrate to the West, (become migrants) so that their skills can be used to make Western companies more successful.
 
Each time I hear of a plane crash in Nigeria or the Congo, I think of the two African inventors I met 4 years ago at a conference in Paris who have invented a “flapping wing plane”. Although they have received rave reviews from the aviation industry for their invention, they are still unable to get financial backing, because if Africa produces its own planes this would threaten the western aviation industry. So, Africa must continue to import second hand planes from the West which crash all the time, killing hundreds, instead of trying to produce her own. Today, the idea of a flapping wing plane which many people thought was a hoax when they first heard about it, has now been taken up by western engineers and they are already taking the credit for its invention. But these inventors are not unique as there are hundreds of African geniuses in the same situation. These aberrations are due to the segregated nature of the economic system which stifles African innovation and growth.
 
Finally, the most disastrous consequence for Africa has been the perpetual wars fought in the motherland. “Ethnic conflict” is a buzzword that the West uses whenever they speak about wars in Africa. They never tell us that these wars are a direct result of the racial segmentation in the economic system which limits Africa’s access to wealth. The miner who extracts the gold nugget from the ground in South Africa has no job to offer his son. As a result, his son has three options in order to make a living. He can turn to crime, try and control Africa’s mineral wealth which will be exported to the West, or leave the country. If we understand this we would not be surprised when we see so many Africans trying to emigrate to the West. They are following their mineral wealth and agricultural resources which they know will create jobs in Europe. We would also not be surprised by the many groups fighting for the control of Africa’s minerals, since it is a primary source of revenue for those wishing to improve their  standard of living, but are unable to do so under the present economic system.
 
Western propaganda, African myopia
 
The major cause of poverty in Africa today therefore stems from this racial division of labour in the economic system and the continent will continue to remain impoverished, as long as its entire economy continues to depend on the primary sector alone. However, the West strategically uses propaganda to steer African people away from the real cause of their poverty and misery. Their strategy has been so effective that if you ask African people anywhere on the planet today what the major problem in Africa is, at least nine out of ten will respond by blaming “corruption among African leaders” or “ethnic wars among Africans.” Not one will respond by blaming the racial division of labour in the economic system, which has locked Africa into the sector where it cannot produce any wealth.
 
In fact, the economic system that we live under today is the same system which formed the backbone of slavery. They simply changed the name to confuse African people and they have continued to change the name fairly often since then, and market it as something relatively new. So it’s been called laissez faire, capitalism, industrialization, even communism and socialism. Today, it is called globalization and cynically capitalism with a humane face , tomorrow, they will call it something else, but whatever they call it, it is still the same old racist socioeconomic system of yesteryear that our ancestors laboured under, but when you listen to people talking about globalization today you certainly do not get that impression. Changing the name often, gives people the false impression that genuine change is taking place in our world, when it is the exact opposite. This is why African people keep hitting their heads against a brick wall and do not understand why.  
 
It took me a very long time to really understand that the world economy was racially divided because of another strategy they use; i.e to talk about the economic system as simply a competition between different countries. However, if you replace the word ‘country’ with the word ‘race,’ you would understand immediately that the economy is not a competition between different countries, but a competition between different races, and then African people would not put so much energy trying to be first in the wrong race.(the Olympics) In fact, that is why they let us occupy the premier position in sports because they know that where it truly counts to be in first place, the economic race, we are in last position, without a hope in hell of ever being first.
 
This racially organized system has caused tremendous suffering to African people to the point where endemic poverty, famine and chronic malnutrition have now become permanent features of African society. This is an extract from an article describing the state of Africa; yet not one word in this article ever explained why Africa finds itself in this state.
 
“Nowhere was the intensity of human deprivation more acutely felt than in the African region: many of the countries continue to be characterized by widespread poverty, high levels of unemployment and under-employment, lack of access to basic necessities of life, such as education, health services and clean water. Africa also continues to be affected by major diseases and perennial armed conflict and civil strife. Infrastructure, institutional and human resource development remained weak; terms of trade were not showing significant improvement; Africa's share in world trade has been declining, while commodity export earnings remain unstable; the debt burden continues to be an obstacle to economic recovery.”
 
Doctors like David Duesberg and Charles Geshekter who contest the Aids hypothesis, believe that chronic malnutrition has weakened the immune system of many African people and this is what the West is calling Aids in Africa. Of course, it is much easier to invent a fictional virus than admit that it is the racially segregated economic system in place for the last 500 years, which is responsible for the bad health and death of African people. The economic system is one of the most efficient ways the West uses to control African populations on the planet, since many African children die before the age of five. In fact, the West is slowly starving people in Africa to death and calling it Aids and in our ignorance we are sitting back and letting it happen. They say that Aids attacks the immune system of its victims. Of course, if you are starving the first thing that will be destroyed is your immune system. Yet, instead of helping Africans to grow enough food so that they can eat properly and build up their immune systems, the solution from the West is to treat them with powerful drugs to kill them even quicker. What is astonishing is that they have no qualms about giving pregnant African women lethal drugs, yet since the thalidomide incident, pregnant women in the West are not given drugs during pregnancy and if they must, doctors have to be extremely cautions with the kind of drugs they prescribe to them. Yet, no such concern is given to African women. Africans in their ignorance waxed lyrical when Bill Gates announced he was donating $9m to help find a vaccine for Aids. If we accept that it is the Western elite that organised and carried out the enslavement of African people and continue to ensure that the slave system remains intact, do you seriously believe that Bill Clinton and Bill Gates who are investing millions of dollars in Aids research do not know that the economic system is racially segregated, and that the West is intentionally starving African people to death all around the planet? What did Mr.Clinton, the former president of the US do to change this state of affairs when he was in office? Of course, he did nothing
                                                                                                      
As a matter of fact, founding charitable organisations or being the spokesperson for some social cause is the typical avenue for abusers to assuage their guilt. In abusive male-female relationships, the husband after wreaking the worst atrocities on his wife will become extremely gentle with her until the next bout of violence erupts. Priests who abuse choir boys and girls or paedophiles who visit developing countries to abuse 6 and 7 year old childen, are often upstanding citizens in their own communities. During slavery, before going to church, the slave master metered out the worst atrocities on his slaves, then, went to church where he donated generously to help the poor. He returned home for afternoon sport, where he either lynched or raped a rebellious slave, or had them torn into a thousand pieces by dogs that had been raised exclusively to eat human flesh.
 
This schizophrenic behaviour is very common among western capitalists, because abusers, while committing the worst crimes like to give the false impression to their victims, that they are truly philanthropists or humane, altruistic individuals who are doing their best to help their fellow men. As a result, after death their crimes are often forgotten. Who still remembers that Cecil Rhodes committed the worst genocide in Zimbabwe and the southern parts of Africa in the 19th century? Certainly not Rhodes scholars who think of him as a humane, generous, and caring individual because of his foundation, or that the man whose name is most associated with peace today, Alfred Nobel, was the same person who invented dynamite and explosives, products diametrically opposite to peace. Abusers therefore, are very fond of starting humanitarian organisations and promoting social causes, because it is simply a strategy to cover up their criminal and abusive track record. Bill Gates, a ruthless businessman, is fully aware, that creating a foundation and putting money into Aids research will neither reduce poverty nor improve the deplorable conditions of African people. He knows that it is the racially organized system which is responsible for their situation, but he also knows that creating a foundation ensures that wealth remains in the hands of the West and provides jobs for Western scientists and researchers. As I was preparing to publish this article I learnt that another pillager of Africa, Jacques Chirac, the former president of France, has decided to found a charitable organisation to promote “sustainable development”, the West’s latest buzzword, but in reality, just another meaningless expression..
 
Also, in abusive relationships, the man is never content with just hitting his wife, he needs to break her bones and see her truly suffer because abusers are also sadists. The West treats Africa in the same way. We have seen that Africa has been restricted to the no growth sector of the economy for the last 500 years to ensure that it remains permanently impoverished. However, seeing Africans in poverty is not enough for the West, they must see Africans in abject misery, so to ensure that this happens they intentionally encroach and even dominate her sector. While Africans are not allowed to enter the secondary or tertiary sectors of the economy, the West is allowed to produce agricultural products although that is not its sector. By doing so, the goal is to intentionally destroy the agricultural sector in Africa because the West gives its farmers subsidies which Africans cannot afford to give to their farmers. In consequence, Africans are unable to compete in their own sector and this drives Africa further into misery. Africans therefore are deprived of making a living even in their own sector and thus have to keep begging the West for more aid. The goal is to ensure that Africans remain famished, undernourished, and one step away from death, just like our ancestors were during the days of slavery. If Mr. Bill Gates is so concerned about the welfare of African people, how many businesses has he started in Africa? Not one. Now you know why the western media takes so much pleasure in telling us every day that Africans survive on less than one dollar a day and why humanitarian organisations love to show us the misery on the faces of emaciated, starving African children.
 
 By saying that Africans are dying from Aids and pretending to be fighting against it, they believe that no one would bother to take a microscopic look at their racially segmented economic system, which intentionally excludes Africans from the wealth producing sectors of the economy, and thus, the West will not be held accountable for the damage their system has caused and is causing in Africa and to African people all around the globe. In fact, the origin of the so called Aids virus has changed so many times, that I would not be surprised if they said that an extra terrestrial being infected the earth with the disease to wipe us off the planet, because when you are dealing with fiction, you can change the script at will. First, we were told that Aids came from homosexual behaviour, then, from African monkeys, then, from a polio vaccine in the Congo and most recently, from Haitians, yet its economic origin, the most plausible of all, is simply never ever broached.
 
Abuse is also the reason it is so difficult to get African people away from religion and the church because in a ruthlessly racist capitalist system, the role of the church is to help them accept their abuse. In the business world this is known as the ‘carrot and stick’ method or Theory X. The carrot and stick approach simply means that companies motivate people to accept unpleasant and difficult jobs (the stick) simply by offering them money (the carrot). By giving people a little more money they will produce more and thus continue to enrich the capitalist forever. However, the capitalist will never pay them enough money to  lift them out of poverty as that would destroy his whole system. Religion and business work in tandem. So, African people who are horrendously mistreated and exploited all around the planet every day (the stick) continue to accept their mistreatment because at weekends, the church promises them a better life after death. (the carrot) This method is the back bone of capitalism which functions by alternating punishment and reward. The church is particularly vicious to African people. It knows that they are the most exploited and the most badly paid on the planet. However, it demands not 1% but a 10% tithe from them in order to increase their suffering and misery and this in turn forces African people to hold on even more tightly to religion and the church. It is by alternating punishment and reward that our people accept further punishment. It is a vicious circle. Consequently, since the days of slavery African people have been much more tolerant of abuse than all the other races.
 
 Dr Walter Williams has said that Judaism, Christianity and Islam are all recent inventions and I totally agree with him. I know a lot of people are going to get upset because they are convinced that the bible story is fact, but religion is simply a tool that the western capitalist invented to keep the poor and exploited masses on the planet passive in order to keep the capitalist system running smoothly. If people were simply exploited without any hope of changing their circumstances, they would revolt and destroy the very system that the capitalist wishes to maintain. So, the capitalist has to resort to myth and fantasy in order to prolong the system. That is also why every one in the US is striving to achieve the unattainable “American dream”. Furthermore, the models used to write the Christian bible were Indo-African but they used Rome and the Middle East as a backdrop to the story. If you read the bible properly you will be able to pinpoint the sections where they imitated the Indian caste system (usually negative) and the ancient Egyptians texts from Africa (usually positive). So, Dr Williams has put his finger on something which Africans must delve into more deeply, because I think his theory is much closer to the truth than all the others and perhaps the Egyptian tablet they use to authenticate the presence of Jews at that period, may be nothing more than a forgery. Professor Manu Ampin has said that the Egyptian statues of Rahotep and Nofret are “forgeries created by modern conspirators in a bold attempt to place a strange pale-skinned couple in the middle of the fourth dynasty African royal family”. So how do we know that they have not done the same thing with this Egyptian tablet ?
 
Religion and the church therefore play a strategic role in the capitalist system because they help to maintain the sadomasochistic relationship between the abuser and the abused, as they act as palliatives to alleviate the pain of the abused. The reason the bible contains so many contradictions is because there is an economic, not a spiritual reason behind the invention of Christianity. We can see its economic connection because the people who are the most exploited are often the most religious, while those who suffer the least are totally indifferent to religion, except the religious right, who have everything to lose, if the poor ever make that connection and simply confirms that religion is indeed a palliative, the carrot, for the suffering and exploited masses. I am not going to discuss religion because that is not the purpose of this session but I just wanted to point out the economic connection between business and religion. It is vital that people of African descent understand this first if we are to bring an end to the sadomasochistic relationship between African people, religion and the church and business.
 
The most powerful tool the West uses however to steer us away from the racist economic system which remains intact after 500 years, is to promote the idea that bad governance and corrupt leaders are to blame for Africa’s woes and our people have heard this for so long they have come to believe that it is true. One joker is even offering an annual sum of money to the African leader who is the least corrupt. Most of our people in their ignorance do not understand that propaganda is essential to maintaining the racial divisions in the economic system. Thousands of our people die everyday because of the economic stranglehold that the West has around our necks and when we see our people everywhere on the planet suffering and living in the most abject conditions, while other races seem to be making tremendous steps, out of sheer frustration, we look for scapegoats to blame and of course the most visible scapegoat that the West strategically places in front of our eyes are African leaders, because they have political power. But it is not political power that runs a country, it is economic power and that is what African leaders do not have. In fact, it is foreigners who run African economies and they will not give it up without a fight. Try asking South Africa and Zimbabwe why they have still not succeeded in returning land back to its rightful owners or received any reparations years after apartheid ended. Desmond Tutu, architect of the mythical rainbow coloured society even had to admit some time ago, that ‘he couldn’t understand why whites are so ungrateful.’ He, like most people of African descent, has simply not understood that race and economics are intimately intertwined.  

What exactly do we mean when we talk about corruption in Africa? The inhumane conditions which the West imposes on Africans in order to keep them living in abject misery, forces them to bend the rules in order to survive, As a result, when we cross borders in Africa we have to pay a little extra before we can cross, or we have to pay for some administrative service before it gets done, etc. and this of course irritates people who live in the West who end up believing that Africans suffer from some inherent moral flaw. However, it is not because Africans are morally weak that they behave like this, it is because the racially organized economic system causes tremendous hardship in Africa and thus forces them to behave in this manner. We fully well know that no human being on this planet can live on less than one dollar a day. So, Africans are in fact performing an extraordinary feat and in my opinion, attests to the tremendous resilience of our people, in spite of insurmountable odds. During slavery, our ancestors were also kept permanently famished and undernourished and they too had to steal from the slave master to survive. If our ancestors during slavery did not suffer from some inherent moral flaw, how dare we blame Africans today who continue to live and work under the same conditions of being morally weak? Unlike many Diasporan Africans, I am not an armchair visitor to Africa and so I have seen the tremendous suffering of our people up close and I can tell you they are doing their utmost to make a living. People in Africa work 24/7/52, in other words, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 52 weeks a year. Whenever I visit the motherland, I am absolutely amazed by their ingenuity and their resilience therefore, I will not allow people in the West to reduce their suffering to a simple case of lacking moral fibre because it is totally unjustified and downright offensive.
  
It is very easy for most of us who live in the West with our stomachs full and all our health needs taken care of to take the moral high road, but with all our moral discourse we would behave in exactly the same way if we were in their situation because it is simply human nature to do whatever is necessary to survive. Instead of accusing them of lacking moral fibre, might I suggest that those visiting Africa walk with extra money to distribute to our brothers and sisters who are being slowly starved to death by the Western economic system? Furthermore, if we want to talk about moral values, African people are the most morally upstanding people on this planet. They have never left their continent to go and abuse, attack, steal, enslave, exploit any other people or do any of those horrendous things that have been done to us. No one has a better record than African people in that area. In fact, it is our moral values that need to be seriously questioned. We need to ask ourselves why we have accepted the same racist economic system that our ancestors died fighting so hard to destroy. Our ancestors refused to accept this system and had to be whipped into submission. Yet, today we do not have to be whipped; we participate actively and are even proud to perpetuate this evil system. Why are we so content with such a morally reprehensible system that treats human beings in such a despicable manner, that they are forced to steal, to prostitute themselves and to even sell their organs in some countries in order to survive? It is our own moral values that are inherently flawed.
 
Corruption in Africa has been completely blown out of all proportion for strategic purposes. For example, Mr. Mobutu who is considered one of the worst offenders in terms of corruption is said to have deposited $35m in Western banks during his 32 year reign in Zaire which comes to just over $1 million per year, which in the economy of a country represents peanuts. There are 53 countries in Africa and even if each African leader takes $1 billion each year for himself and his family from the economy, it will still not be enough to impoverish Africa. Do you know how many billions western oil companies and the companies that transform our resources take out of Africa every year? Do you know how many jobs and revenue Africa has lost to the West for centuries? If we counted the number of companies, jobs and profits that Africa has lost and continues to lose daily, it would total not millions or billions of dollars/euros per day, but many trillions. Yet our people waste their time squabbling about the paltry $1 million a year that Mr. Mobutu took. Do you know how many trillions of dollars has left the Congo region in the last 32 years? Yet Mr.Mobutu, who was supposed to be the biggest thief in Africa, and comes from the richest region on the planet, the Congo, was only able to take $35m in 32 years. Bill Gates has made much more than that in less time (over $100 billion in 1994, dropped to $55 billion today) yet, he does not come from the richest part of the planet. In short, when we consider the extraordinary sums of money that have left that region in the last 32 years, Mr Mobutu’s $35m does not even total half a cent. African people are simply going to have to wake up and get much more serious than this if they really want to end their oppression.
 
 African leaders are also accused of putting their money in Western banks. If we accept that in the capitalist system everyone wants maximum return on their investment, where else do you expect African leaders and wealthy people in Africa to put their money, if they want to receive maximum profit if it is not in Western banks, since their economy is more dynamic and their financial markets can generate much more wealth than in Africa because of this racial segregation in the economic system? Instead of lambasting African leaders, we should be focusing our attention on a system that encourages this flight of capital from the continent. In our ignorance we have not understood that this is exactly what the West wants, because it removes much needed revenue from Africa and ensures that African economies stagnate and regress. This is one reason it is so difficult to get the West to return the money that deceased African leaders have deposited in their banks. Unless we open our eyes and demand radical changes to the present economic system, this flight of capital from Africa will not end. Once again, the genius of African people shines through because in spite of the harsh conditions that have been imposed on them, some African economies have been experiencing higher growth recently than in the West, so imagine what would happen if Africans were treated fairly and that is exactly what the West fears.
 
Furthermore, corruption is not unique to Africa. Studies have shown that corruption occurs either among the very rich or the very poor. Let us put sentiment aside for a moment. In the capitalist system, “corruption goes hand in hand with power and money” Leaders in the West are much more corrupt than in Africa but that does not impoverish their people. Enron, Elf, Whitewater, the list of corruption in the Western world is longer than that in Africa, but none of these humongous scandals has made a dent in the western economy. The recent poisoning of a Russian dissident in London with polonium, a radioactive agent, occurred because he was investigating corruption in Russia which is widespread in that country. Also, if we look at the French political elite during the last 20 years, we would be hard pressed to find a politician on either the left or the right who has not been accused of some form of corruption. At the moment, the former president, Jacques Chirac, is trying to avoid being brought to trial on corruption charges and it has even been rumored that he has a secret bank account in Japan. (Since I started writing, he has been officially charged, setting a precedent in France. The real reason of course is to deceive the French masses into thinking that the new president represents a genuine break with the past). Therefore, if these countries have not been made poor because of endemic corruption in their political structure, why should Africa? The problem is much more complex than that.
 
I would like to emphasize however, that this does not mean that I condone dishonesty but I feel that we must try to understand the context in which corruption takes place in Africa. African leaders are no different from corrupt leaders anywhere else on the planet but they have been intentionally maligned to steer us away from the real cause of African poverty and underdevelopment. As a result, we spend too much time focusing on them when they are really just a very minute part of the problem, a diversion, rather than on the real culprit, i.e. the racially segmented economic system which for the last 500 years has intentionally excluded African people from the wealth producing sectors of the economy and is responsible for their chronic poverty, underdevelopment and suffering and this is where African people should be focusing most of their attention.
 
What we do need to do is to increase our pressure on African leaders to force them to put an end to a system where Africa’s resources leave the continent for other climes, because it is their duty to ensure that those resources are used for the benefit of African people before anyone else. They should be insisting that Africans transform and distribute their products to the rest of the world. France produces wine and cheese and it is the French that distribute them to the rest of the world, so why should South Africa continue to send its uncut diamonds to Europe for them to turn into jewellery and then buy them back from Europe as a manufactured product, at a much higher price? If African people continue to send the products they need to feed themselves to other people, how can we be surprised that they starve and live in abject misery? We should want to know from our leaders why the racially divided economic slave system that our ancestors worked under is still operating in exactly the same manner today.  These are the aberrations which African leaders should be fighting to put an end to and this, more than anything else, is what they should be held accountable for. Instead, there is only a resounding silence from our community, who continue to focus their attention on the few million dollars that African leaders have deposited in foreign banks. They have still not realized that if Africans received the trillions they were owed in lost revenue, African people would have the highest standard of living on the planet today. But this was the same flaw which eventually led to the downfall of African civilization. It was our ancestors inability to correctly discern when danger loomed, what was worth spending their time and energy on and what was not, why African people find themselves in the predicament they are in today and our fixation on the so called corruption of African leaders, proves that we have still not corrected that tragic flaw.(to continue reading)
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