Cointelpro: The FBI's War on Black America
The Sabotage Of Legitimate Dissent
Expose on the Global CounterIntelligenceProgram and its Effect on the UK African (Black) Community
by Spartacus R.
In the name of our Ancestors, in the spirit of Maãt, I greet you, Hotep. Good Morning, Brothers and Sisters.
Thanks and praises to all of you for coming out. Obviously there are quite a few people who believe that silence is connivance. Thanks to Brother Lester Lewis and Hackney Black People's Association for allowing us to meet here today and most importantly, thanks to our Ancestors for making it all possible.
Before we go any further there are a couple of things I would like you to know. There is a war going on. There is a war going on and you are part of it. In fact you are on the front line of this war which has been raging now for over two thousand years. I am specifically referring to the Great African - European War.
Secondly, I didn't come here today to try to make any friends - nor am I looking for any enemies. Enemies are not good for me. I am not asking any one to agree with me or to believe in me. All I ask is that we listen to each other with open minds and we question everything each and every one of us says. So when I say there is a war going on and you are in the middle of it, don't just accept it as gospel because Spartacus says so, or reject it as crazy foolishness because Spartacus said it. Question it. Question everything. Ask yourself: "Does it make sense?". Ask yourself "Why?" and answer honestly. That is all I ask of you.
At the end of the questioning, you may find yourself agreeing or disagreeing with some or all of what I say. Whatever the outcome, I can guarantee you, you will not believe in Spartacus. You will believe in yourself, in your own truth because you would have taken the information I present to you, turned it upside down, inside out, torn it apart and made whatever truth you found in it your own.
What is COINTELPRO?
The Counterintelligence Program, better known as COINTELPRO, is a top secret military, terror operation launched by the United States of America against its own citizens. It was initiated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation under J. Edgar Hoover, to centrally direct and co-ordinate national and local "neutralisation" campaigns against dissident individuals and organisations in the United States.
In order for it to have worked as well as it did COINTELPRO required the secret co-operative involvement of all intelligence agencies, including the FBI, the CIA and military intelligence, the department of Defence, the White House, municipal government agencies and local and state police forces, who set up special "Red Squads" as part of the COINTELPRO support mechanism.
It was formally named and instituted in 1956 against the Communist Party, then expanded to include other "White left" organisations. It was further expanded to include "White hate groups" as a cover for funding, facilitating, arming, training and involvement in unofficial state-sponsored right wing terrorist organisations such as the notorious Ku Klux Klan (KKK). At one point in their relationship, a quarter of all these KKK murderers who terrorised the African community were active FBI Agents.
COINTELPRO was supposed to have been terminated in 1971 in the wake of international controversy, when a small but significant number of its secret files were passed to the media. The name COINTELPRO is no longer used but far from being terminated this domestic counterinsurgency war machine has been upgraded, expanded and exported around the world under the direct control of the CIA (see email).
Significantly, it was not until 1967 that the FBI officially started their secret COINTELPRO under the heading: "Black Nationalist Hate Groups". They made no distinctions. Any African group who did or said anything on behalf of the African community was a Black Nationalist Hate Group.
The war against Global Africa is an old ongoing war. They must have felt that the necessary machinery was already in place to satisfactorily contain this African/European war on an ongoing basis. Until they realised the seriousness of the situation they were in with the emergence of so many militant African (Black) organisations. They admit to having launched 295 operations against the African Community during that 4 year period, 233 of which targeted the Black Panther Party. Of course there were many operations which had failed so dismally or had been so vile that even they could not put on record. The stated purpose of COINTELPRO was to:
expose, disrupt, misdirect, discredit, or otherwise neutralize the activities of black nationalist, hate-type organisations and groupings, their leadership, spokesmen, membership, and supporters, and to counter their propensity for violence and civil disorder.
and their five overall long range goals were to:
1) Prevent the coalition of militant black nationalist groups. In unity there is strength; a truism that is no less valid for all its triteness. An effective coalition of black nationalist groups might be the first step toward a real "Mau Mau" in America, the beginning of a true black revolution.
2) Prevent the rise of a "messiah" who could unify, and electrify, the militant black nationalist movement. Malcolm X might have been such a "Messiah;" he is the martyr of the movement today. Martin Luther King, Stokely Carmichael and Elijah Muhammad all aspire to this position. Elijah Muhammad is less of a threat because of his age. King could be a very real contender for this position should he abandon his supposed "obedience" to "white, liberal doctrines" (nonviolence) and embrace black nationalism. Carmichael has the necessary charisma to be a real threat in this way.
3) Prevent Violence on the part of black nationalist groups. This is of primary importance, and is, of course, a goal of our investigative activity; it should also be a goal of the Counterintelligence Program. Through counterintelligence it should be possible to pinpoint potential troublemakers and neutralize them before they exercise their potential for violence.
4) Prevent Militant black nationalist groups and leaders gaining respectability, by discrediting them to three separate segments of the community. The goal of discrediting black nationalists must be handled tactically in three ways. You must discredit these groups and individuals to, first, the responsible Negro community. Second, they must be discredited to the white community, both the responsible community and the "liberals" who have vestiges of sympathy for militant black nationalist simply because they are Negroes. Third, these groups must be discredited in the eyes of Negro radicals, the followers of the movement. This last area requires entirely different tactics from the first two. Publicity about violent tendencies and radical statements merely enhances black nationalists to the last group; it adds "respectability" in a different way.
5) A final goal should be to prevent the long-range growth of militant black nationalist organizations, especially among youth. Specific tactics to prevent these groups from converting young people must be developed.
Later we will look closer at those objectives and see which of them have been achieved and how.
The attacks against Marcus Garvey and his organisation, the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) was the first globally co-ordinated neutralisation campaign against any individual waged by the combined forces of Global Europe. This included at least one failed Assassination attempt.
As the head of the largest organisation in the world, comprising at one time over six million members in nine hundred chapters world wide, Garvey was recognised as Global Europe's enemy number one. They had an instinctive, negative response to him and his teachings.
What happened to Garvey when the military and political might of every country in the world under European control was mobilised against him and what happened in the sixties under the heading of COINTELPRO is the same as what is happening today. The only difference is the name and the degree of sophistication.
If you were the CIA and you had to put a name to overt co-ordinated actions against the Global African community today but give the impression that you are trying to help us, you would probably call it "The War on Drugs" or "The War on Crime" or "The War Against Terrorism".
If you are particularly aware of domestic sensitivity to the word "WAR" and the possibility of it backfiring on you, you would call the programme "Weed and Seed". Weed and Seed is the new name for a series of campaigns taking root in the USA where a whole community is promised a bribe of massive amounts of development money (most of which never materialises) in exchange for their active co-operation or silent connivance in neutralising its youth, the most active, creative, vibrant and volatile sector of the community.
How did they manage to convince a sufficiently significant sector of the African community in major cities around the world including here in London to conspire with them against our youth? They used every means available to their imagination, regardless whether legal or not. As they stated, "The effectiveness of counterintelligence depends on the quality and quantity of positive information available regarding the target and on the imagination and initiative of Agents working the program." These imaginative initiatives included:
These imaginative initiatives included:
Exclusions (Gate Keeping)
Elsurs (Phone Taps and other Electronic Surveillance Devices)
Searches (Spontaneous, Unannounced and causing Maximum Disruption and Destruction to property)
Break-ins (to plant equipment or incriminating evidence or to steal important documents or equipment necessary for the running of the organisation)
Terrorism (an integral part of every COINTELPRO operation. Often "Independent" terrorist groups such as the KKK are used to legitimise State terror)
We can look briefly at a few of those:
a) Infiltrators and Agent Provocateurs
Virtually every African organisation had been effectively infiltrated by the FBI and other secret service agencies. You remember Gene Roberts, the "bodyguard" who was photographed suffocating Malcolm X after he was shot? Deep cover agent. He later infiltrated the Panthers and was not exposed until 1971 when he appeared as state witness in a trial of thirteen Panthers charged with conspiracy to blow up buildings.
The FBI alone had over 4000 Africans on their payroll within the first year of official COINTELPRO. That doesn't say much about us, but I still have faith.
Because of their lack of success in penetrating the UK African community and as a result of being exposed too often when using untrained informers against us, the British secret service and the police have been openly advertising for and promoting the idea of, new recruits from the African community. The degree to which they succeed will become apparent in the next five or so years after they have trained and unleashed their deadly poison in our midst.
Informers with their brand of nastiness has been with us for as long as there have been opposing forces in this world. Judas, from the biblical tale of Jesus, could quite easily be a modern day informant.
Even before they instituted COINTELPRO, the FBI had thousands of informants. Under one project alone, the Ghetto Informant Program, they netted 3,248 traitors from the African community in one year.
James A. Harrison, a close aid of Martin Luther King and a top official of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) organisation, was a valued FBI informant.
Julius Butler, still alive, well and a successful church leader, was the paid/white-mailed informant whose false testimony helped frame Geronimo Pratt for a murder the FBI knew he could not have committed.
During my trial for handling stolen goods, it was revealed by the police under cross examination that a paid police informant was used to sell me stolen goods in October 1992 as part of an elaborate conspiracy to wreck my computer sales business, lock me up and throw away the key (see GAP News #4). One of the key factors in this conspiracy was a house Negro by the name of Len Woodley, QC, who was supposed to earn his masters' favour as my judge, jury and executioner.
c) Media Manipulation and Character Assassination
The media is one of the most effective weapons used against the community. is. It is also one of the most important tools available to the activist, especially the independent print and radio sector.
COINTELPRO operatives were instructed that every effort must be made to deny African (Black) activists access to the media. Should the genius of the activist be employed to circumvent the exclusion process by self-publishing and independent direct action such as local community meetings, the agent is told what to do next.
"Where ever this is done it should be counteracted but must be done in a medium which reaches the entire Negro population. There are papers and magazines which should be used if they will accept this material. If they do not, radio and especially TV should be utilised."
This is why, for instance, you see in the UK, Jackass Howe, the Devil's Slave, lambasting unsuspecting Brothers and Sisters like Professor Leonard Jeffries and Dr. Betty Shabbaz on the TV programme he fronted, while at the same time, vetoing the appearance of Spartacus R., someone the "Jackass" knows from bitter experience, is more than a match in any forum.
d) Physical Assassination (Covert and Overt).
The physical assassination of African freedom fighters has always been a key factor in the relationship between Global Europe and Global Africa. Tousant-L'overture - Nat Turner - Malcolm X - Martin Luther King - Shaka - Fred Hampton - Mark Clark - Mourice Bishop - Nzingha - Cudjo - Chris Hani - Tongagara - Steve Biko - Yaa Asante Wa, etc. - police executions of scores of Panthers, some in their beds. Global Europe has been sending the same message to the Global African youth for hundreds of years. The message was spelled out by the FBI again in 1968 when they said:
"The Negro wants and needs something to be proud of. The Negro youth and moderate must be made to understand that if they succumb to revolutionary teachings they would be dead revolutionaries. It is now better to be a sports hero, a well paid professional athlete or entertainer, a regularly paid white or blue collar worker, a peaceful human being with a family or a person who at least had been accepted than a Negro who had gotten even with the establishment by burning it down but who along with this, burned down his own home and gained for him and all his people the hatred and distrust of whites for years to come..."
In 1989 having travelled to the US as keynote speaker at the Florida African-American Students 14th Annual Presidential Conference, I was poisoned. If not for an emergency operation to remove part of my intestine, my death would have been one of the thousands of covert assassinations where foul play is not even suspected.
Twice Lambeth police and local politicians offered rewards to other people in the community to evict me and my group from buildings which we had occupied. In both cases my life was threatened. In one take-over bid, when Linda Bellos was coulcil leader, I was severely beaten (see photo) by three thugs representing the Yours Truly nursery group belonging to a couple of women called Joan Cutino and Patricia Cotterel and inspired by a dubious individual called Pat Adams, who later got a job with the council that she was not qualified for. They were told by the council, if they could get Spartacus out, they could have the building. And of course the fools believed it.
I wrote at the time:
We had the state employed agent provocateur manipulating and directing the destructive energies of the greedy, the incompetent, the begrudging, the ignorant, the megalomanic and the envious and the political fanatic imbued with organisational chauvinism. (see "The Human Value")
Judicial entanglement as a part of the process of destroying an organisation or an individual reached new levels of ingenuity under COINTELPRO. Agents were told to arrest the targeted individual or key members of the targeted organisation on any and as many Spurious Charges as possible regardless whether they had any grounds or evidence for doing so. The result was thousands of Frame-ups with some of the victims such as Mumia Abu-Jamal, still languishing in jail; Multiple Bail Applications, until the organisation or the individual could no longer afford to post the bail; Spiralling Defence Costs and the diversion of vital human and material resources away from the important work of the movement.
Over the past couple of decades I have been arrested in the UK at least thirty times. I have been charged and prosecuted no less than thirteen times including two trials for the "stolen goods" frame-up which cost me thousands of pounds and diverted my attention and other resources.
At the height of this harassment I was stopped and questioned three times in the same night in a single journey from north west London to south London, delaying my journey by one and a half hours.
f) Internecine Conflicts (Inter-group and Interpersonal)
If someone wants to cause conflict between any two or more people who are not aware of the intent, the odds are that they will succeed. Such was the case with the Black Power Movement, the Civil Rights Movement and every other movement of people against whom the US government have launched covert operations.
One of the people caught in the middle of the internal war within the Black Panther Party was Kathleen Cleaver, the wife of Eldridge and Minister of Information. She Said:
They [the media] made it look as if these things just happened by accident, there was no connection between the plan of the FBI and the fact that so many of them [Panther Soldiers] were arrested, ... so many marriages broke up. However, when these things happen to you, you know it is no accident. We knew at the time that there was a conspiracy ... we just had no idea how sophisticated the co-ordination was. We didn't know it was called COINTELPRO and involved the FBI, CIA, Dept of Defence, White House ...
What caused me to take another look at Global COINTELPRO was my recent experience with a young African Brother from the Sudan called Deng K. Ajak, who for no apparent reason, threatened to kill me and started to take action towards that end, in a public forum. Rather than enter into direct conflict with the Brother, I brought the issue to some members of the community and it was amicably resolved with the help of a respected Yoruba elder, Chief Adelekan, as mediator.
It was during the mediation process that the details of a suspected conspiracy came to light. It became clear to me that Brother Deng was being "advised" by people within the University of East London, where he works and others closer to him. I came to the conclusion that these people are either agents themselves doing a job or unsuspecting tools of very clever agents.
g) Grassroots Gossip
This includes unsubstantiable misinformation, disinformation and outright lies on issues which the community is already emotionally charged about, for example: skimming off organisation money, paid informers, homosexuality, child sexual abuse, etc. etc. They state:
The purpose of counterintelligence action is to disrupt BPP [the Black Panther Party] and it is immaterial whether facts exist to substantiate the charge. If facts are present, it aids in the success of the proposal but the Bureau feels that disruption can be accomplished without facts to back it up.
One famous example is the "bad jacketing" of Kwame Ture (then Stokely Carmichael) through an infiltrator called Peter Cardoza, (Kwame's bodyguard) and others. An FBI memo states:
... consideration be given to convey the impression that CARMICHAEL is a CIA informer. ... it will help promote distrust between CARMICHAEL and the Black Community... It is also suggested that we inform a certain percentage of reliable criminal and racial informants that "we have it from reliable sources that CARMICHAEL is a CIA agent." It is hoped that the informants would spread the rumour in various large Negro communities across the land.
Mentioning here some of the lies I have heard connected with the name Spartacus R., would not only be giving credit to some of the most incredible garbage I have ever heard, but also helping to perpetuate the myths.
h) Exclusions (Gate Keeping)
The revolutionary African activist is an outcast by the very nature of her or his circumstance. We live within a hostile environment and an alien culture which seeks to demonise us in the eyes of our own people. What is worse is when people in our own community see themselves as gatekeepers, to prevent us from interacting with and informing our community.
Though a few of these Brothers and Sisters are most definitely agents or informers, the majority are not. They are mainly misguided, misinformed, greedy individuals who see more value in the European way of being than the African way. These individuals, because of their position in the society or their ambitions, may feel threatened that the mere presence of the revolutionary activist could expose their duplicitous character and reactionary behaviour.
This is why members of the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP) and other "establishment Negroes" started a "Garvey Must Go" campaign and wrote letters to the US Attorney General begging him to deport Garvey more urgently.
This is why Malcolm X was silenced by Elijah Muhammad. Why the "house Negroes" as he called them, shunned him and tried so hard to silence him.
This is why Koro Salah, Kwame Ture and Louis Farrakhan are still banned from the UK.
This is why people like Bernie Grant, Diane Abbot, Trevor Phillips, Darcus Howe, Lee Jasper of the well-funded 1990 Trust, Adotey Bing of the Africa Centre and others, stipulate that Spartacus R. should be excluded from certain events and gatherings.
This is why in 1989, when Nilou Hawthorne and I started the People's Movement for Electoral Justice, to elect the first independent African Member of Parliament, Lee Jasper and David Muir (at the time a fully paid up member of the Labour party) joined the campaign as wrecking agents. They succeeded in having both myself and Nilou, whose money was invested in the venture, sacked from the campaign and it immediately ground to a halt.
This is why when after only a few weeks on Genesis radio, with my GLOBAL-EYES talk show, I was one of the most popular presenters on the station I was sacked by the manager, a guy called Coolie without any reasons given except that it was "personal".
i) Perception Management
This was developed as a separately funded programme by the Joint Chiefs of Staff under the blind African General, Colin Powel in 1987. Their definition of the concept, according to Jamaal Goree, is to "control what we believe is true. Not necessarily what is true but what we believe is true because, based on how you perceive what is true, [they] will also dictate how you behave or how you act." But, as the evidence shows Perception Management has been with us for a long, long time. Even before Michelangelo painted God, Christ and all their Angels as Europeans.
Perception management was the reasoning behind the FBI version of the Black Panther Colouring Book.
j) Mail Manipulation
This includes interception of mail and the recording of their contents, rewriting of letters and sending them off to the intended recipient, diversion of mail to unintended recipients, the creation of documents and letters purporting to be from particular sources which they are not, the deliberate withholding and delaying of crucial time-sensitive letters and destruction of letters which never reach their destination.
(Phone Taps and other Electronic Surveillance Devices)
(Spontaneous, unannounced and causing maximum disruption and destruction to property and personnel)
(to plant equipment or incriminating evidence or to steal important documents or equipment necessary for the running of the organisation)
(an integral part of every COINTELPRO operation. Often "Independent" terrorist groups such as the KKK are used to legitimise State terror)
o) Banning Orders and House Arrest (Isolation)
Banning orders have the effect of isolating the banned person from the community which, it is feared, they would have a positive effect on. Any African person, such as Winnie Mandela, who is seen to be capable of influencing the community to act against the interests of those in control, have to be removed from, prevented from entering or restricted to one small area of the community. With the advent of electronic tagging it is now even easier and cheaper to control the movement of individuals.
Marcus Garvey was probably the most banned person in the history of international travel. He was banned from every part of Africa.
At one time Kwame Ture was banned from over 35 countries, including Trinidad, his place of birth, and the UK where he is still banned and holds the distinction of being probably the only person ever to have been banned twice.
Some Panthers were banned from their own neighbourhoods where the rest of their families lived.
In the UK, during my highly successful Positive Boycott Campaigns against the sale of South African goods, as part of my bail condition I was banned from going to within 100 yards of the centre of Brixton where I live and normally did my shopping. This is without having been convicted of any crime.( to continue reading article) http://www.globalafrica.com/COINTELP.htm