The pyramids were not built by slaves, but ordinary hardworking African people

Publié le par hort

This discovery at least proves one thing. That African people built the pyramids. Why am I so sure?  Because they are the only ones who allowed equality between master and servant.  According to Professor Cheik Anta Diop, master and servant ate side by side in African society.  The master was never superior to the servant. We know for a fact that Europeans and Arabs would never allow their servants or slaves to eat at the same table with them, and they would certainly not allow their slaves or servants to be buried alongside them. Now we have debunked the historians who have falsified African history  and those  who invented the biblical myth. Hort

http://weekly. ahram.org. eg/2010/981/ eg2.htm

Building on facts

A new discovery at Giza plateau has finally debunked Herodotus's assertion that the Pyramids were built by slaves, reports Nevine El-Aref
 
On Monday morning on the Giza plateau workers were busy removing sand from the newly discovered tomb of Idu, overseer of the construction of the Great Pyramid. They were surrounded by a media scrum, gathered around admiring their work, taking photos and trying to glimpse what has been uncovered.

During routine excavation and cleaning at the plateau an Egyptian archaeological mission, led by Zahi Hawass, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA), stumbled upon what is believed to be a collection of early Fourth Dynasty tombs belonging to workers who built Khufu and Khafre's pyramids.

"The tombs belong to the late fourth and fifth dynasties (2649-2374 BC)," says Hawass, who argues that they constitute one of the most important discoveries of the 20th and 21st centuries, shedding light on the early period of the Fourth Dynasty and contradicting assertions that the Pyramids were built by slaves.  "These tombs were built beside the king's pyramid, which indicates that these people were not slaves. If they had been they would not have been allowed to build their tombs beside their king's," said Hawass.

Hawass believes the builders of the Pyramids came from poor Egyptian families from the north and the south. They were respected for their work and those who died during the construction phase were bestowed the honour of being buried close to the sacred pyramid of their Pharaohs. The most important tomb belongs to Idu. It is rectangular in structure, with a mud brick outside casing covered with plaster. It has several burial shafts cased with white limestone, as well as niches in front of each shaft.

Adel Okasha, supervisor of the excavation, says the upper part of Idu's tomb is vaulted, symbolising the eternal hill from which human creation began according to the Memphis religious tradition. The shape, similar to that of tombs located beside Snefru's pyramid in Dahshour, is strong evidence that the tomb dates to the early Fourth Dynasty. On the western side of Idu's tomb the mission uncovered several workmen's tombs and the remains of coffins, while on its southern side another large tomb has been found. It is rectangular, of mud brick and has several burial shafts, each one containing a skeleton. The area in which the tombs were found is the beginning of the one kilometre long necropolis.

Evidence uncovered at the site has revealed that families in the Delta and Upper Egypt sent 21 buffaloes and 23 sheep to the plateau every day to feed the workers. The families that provided the animals, says Hawass, were not paying taxes to the Egyptian government but rather sharing in one of Egypt's national projects. The number of workers did not exceed 10,000, says Hawass, contradicting Herodotus's estimate of 100,000.

The tombs have shown that workers were drawn from families in the Delta and Upper Egypt. Workers rotated every three months, and those who died during the construction process were buried at the site.  There is no basis, says Hawass, to the assertion that pyramid building was a seasonal activity restricted to the three months of the flood. The transport of granite, basalt and limestone blocks used in construction was restricted to the flood season, but the construction work continued throughout the year.

The first tombs of the pyramid builders were discovered in 1990 when a horse stumbled on top of a mud brick structure.


http://drhawass. com/blog/ press-release- new-tombs- found-giza


New Tombs Found at Giza

A collection of tombs that belong to workers who built Khufu’s pyramid has been discovered in the area of the workmen’s tombs on the Giza plateau, Culture Minister Farouk Hosni announced.

Hosni added that the tombs were found by an Egyptian excavation team led by Dr. Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA). Dr. Hawass said that the tombs are dated to the 4th Dynasty and belong to workmen who built the pyramids of Khufu (2609-25840 BC) and Khafre (2576-2551 BC).

“This is the first time to uncover tombs like the ones that were found during the 1990’s, which belong to the late 4th and 5th Dynasties (2649-2374 BC),” asserted Hawass, pointing out that this group of tombs can be considered one of the most important discoveries of the 20th and the 21st centuries, as they shed more light on the early period of the 4th Dynasty, as well as contradicting rumors that the pyramids were constructed through slavery.

“These tombs were built beside the king’s pyramid, which indicates that these people were not by any means slaves. If they were slaves, they would not have been able to build their tombs beside their king’s,” concluded Hawass.

The most important tomb is the one belonging to Idu. It is rectangular in structure with a mud brick outside casing covered with plaster. It has several burial shafts cased with white limestone, as well as niches in front of each shaft.

Adel Okasha, supervisor of the excavation, said that the upper part of Idu’s tomb had a vaulted shape, symbolizing the eternal hill from which the human creation began, according to the Memphis religious tradition. This shape, said Okasha, is strong evidence that this tomb dates to the early 4th Dynasty. This shape is also similar to those of tombs located beside Snefru’s pyramid in Dahshur.

On the western side of Idu’s tomb, the mission uncovered another collection of workmen’s tombs as well as the remains of coffins, while on its southern side another large tomb has been found. It is a rectangular shaped tomb built of mud brick with several burial shafts, each one containing a bent skeleton along with sherds of clay.

Evidence uncovered also revealed that the families in the Delta and Upper Egypt sent 21 buffalo and 23 sheep to the plateau every day to feed the workers. Hawass pointed out that the families who sent these were not paying their taxes to the Egyptian government, but rather they were sharing in one of Egypt’s national projects. The number of workers did not exceeded 10,000, said Hawass, contradictory to Herodotus, who recorded that the number of workers reached 100,000.

Hawass said that this discovery indicates that the workers came from top families of the Delta and Upper Egypt. Workers rotated every three months, and those who were buried there died during the construction process.

Dr. Hawass asserted that according to science and archaeology we cannot fix a time for the construction of the pyramid. Limiting it to a specific season is wrong as it was based on incorrect information that the construction process was only executed during the three months of the flood. The transportation of the granite, basalt and limestone blocks used in the construction was only conducted during the flood season, but the construction work was not limited to this season, and lasted for the whole year. The blocks used in the construction of the body of the pyramid were brought from the Giza plateau itself.


The discovery of the cemetery of the pyramid builders occurred in 1990 when a horse was stumbled on top of a mud brick structure ten meters far of the necropolis located to the south of the wall. The necropolis is composed of two levels connected by a ramp. It is composed of different shapes and styles of tombs, some are pyramid shaped while others are vaulted and some contain false doors.

Publié dans classical africa

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